Indian Murder. - In 1799, four Shawnee Indians were loitering about what was then known as Lusk's Ferry, in Crittenden County, opposite the present town of Golconda, Illinois. They came to the house of Mr. Lusk, examined him minutely, but did not molest him. Their movements were mysterious and boded harm. At length, they killed a Mr. Duff, who resided at the mouth of Tradewater. Then, they suddenly disappeared. There was reason to believe that someone residing at Fort Massac/Massacre had employed the Indians to commit the crime.
Silver and Lead. - About 1846, considerable time and money were expended in searching for silver ore, with but very partial success; lead ore was found, but not in paying loads.The Chalybeate Spring, in the bank of Massac Creek, on the property of Mr. Robb, contains, besides chloride of alkali (probably chloride of sodium), some chloride of magnesium and less bicarbonate of lime and magnesia than is usually found in ordinary spring water. The water has a fine medicinal effect. Birch Trees, in luxuriant growth, larger and more numerous than elsewhere in the district, are immediately around this spring. A White Silicious Clay was passed through at 40 feet, overlaid by yellow sand, just before reaching the water, when boring for water at Mr. Robb's place.
The Falls Of The Cumberland River, in Whitley County, about 14 miles below Williamsburg, are among the most remarkable objects in the state. The river here is precipitated over a perpendicular fall of 62 feet; the fall and rapid are 70 feet. On a clear morning, the roar of the waters may be heard for a distance of 10 or 12 miles above and below the falls. Immediately behind the falling sheet of water, there is a cave in the surface of the rock; and a person can go almost across the river by this passage, through an arch formed on one side by the rock, and on the other by the flashing waters. Just below the falls, large fish can be caught in great numbers. The country, for six or eight miles above and below the falls, is very irregular; and presents to the eye of the traveler a succession of scenery, as romantic and picturesque as any in the state. The hills and mountains rise upon one another like clouds upon the horizon.
The First Expedition After The Powder brought down the Ohio River by (Gen.) George Rogers Clark and John Gabriel Jones in December 1776, and secreted on the Three Islands, some ten miles above Limestone (Maysville), set out from McClelland's Station (Georgetown), a day or two after the arrival there of Clark and Jones, with the intelligence. Nine men on horseback, under Col. John Todd, piloted by Jones, were waylaid on December 28th, on Johnson's Fork of Licking, near the Lower Blue Licks, by a small party of Indians; who were following the recent trail of Clark and Jones. The Indians made a sudden and vigorous attack, killed Jones and Wm. Graden, and took Jos. Rogers prisoner. Josiah Dixon was missing and never heard of anymore. The rest, among them Samuel McMillin, retreated safely.
Iron is found, in several forms, in block of impure ore, in thin layers of carbonate of iron, and in a body of rusty ferruginous shale. It has not been worked. Col. Sidney S. Lyon's Base Line, in the geological survey of Kentucky, began at Uniontown, on the Ohio River, longitude 10 degrees 55' west of Washington; in latitude 37 degrees 46'. In its extension, eastwardly, it cut the Virginia state line near the northern corner of Pike County, at a point probably now in Martin County.